How is the hemorrhoid surgery procedure performed?
Hemorrhoidal surgery, also called hemorrhoidectomy, will be performed for large and internal hemorrhoids. Usually, this type of hemorrhoid has come out of the rectal wall to the anus, so it must be treated immediately.
This medical procedure can be performed under local anesthesia combined with sedatives. In some cases spinal anesthesia or general anesthesia is also performed, depending on the condition of each patient.
Actually, hemorrhoids are a condition in which vein veins become inflamed and swollen, making it look like a lump around the anus and rectum. Therefore, in the surgical procedure to be performed is to remove the excessive and inflamed parts.
Usually, the doctor will perform surgery on a lump, then tie the vein in the hemorrhoid to prevent bleeding. This surgery is done using a scalpel, a cautery pencil, or a laser.
What happens after hemorrhoid surgery?
Right after hemorrhoid surgery, when you are still undergoing anesthesia, you will be given a local anesthetic that must last 6-12 hours. This is done to reduce pain after surgery.
If after surgery, your condition improves and has fully recovered from the influence of the anesthetic, then you do not need to be hospitalized and allowed to go home. But before going home usually patients must be sure to urinate first. Some people may have difficulty urinating, this is due to swelling of the tissue or pelvic muscle spasm.
Recovery after hemorrhoid surgery
Generally, the recovery process after hemorrhoid surgery requires about two weeks. But if you want to really recover and move back to normal, recovery can take up to 3-6 weeks.
Many patients show that recovery from this type of surgery is very painful. Maybe some people still feel pain and discomfort for 2-3 weeks after surgery. But most patients begin to feel better at the end of the first week.
The doctor may give painkillers, such as acetaminophen, aspirin or ibuprofen. In addition, the doctor may also recommend laxatives, stool softeners, or both to prevent hard bowel movements.
You also need to eat high-fiber foods to soften the stool, and drink enough water during the recovery process (around 8-10 glasses per day). This is important to avoid constipation.
You may feel pain when bending, squatting, moving from standing to sitting position. Minimize painful activities as much as possible, especially in the first few days after surgery.
Follow-up examinations with the surgeon will usually be carried out 2-3 weeks after the surgery to check the results of surgery.